Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Surakarta vacation

City is a city of Surakarta in Central Java, Indonesia. The city is also known as Solo, Sala, and Salakarta. The last name not be used again. In Indonesia, Surakarta is the tenth largest city (after the Yogyakarta). East side of this city who passed the river in one of the songs terabadikan keroncong, Solo. This city was once the seat of the prefect, who supervises Surakarta until the 1950s. Surakarta has the motto "BERSERI" which became the acronym of "Clean, Healthy, Neat and Beautiful." For the purposes of tourism marketing, tourism slogan Solo Solo took the Spirit of Java that is expected to build the image of the city of Solo as a center of Javanese culture.

Establishment and development

Surakarta standing in the territory of a village called Village Sala, on the banks of the Solo. Dutch scholar who examined Bujangga Manik, J. Noorduyn, suspect that this Sala village near (if not really there), one of the crossings ("mine") in the Solo which was mentioned in the copper plate "Charter Trowulan I" (1358, in English called "Ferry Charter ") as" Wulayu ". Travel Manuscript Bujangga Beads from around akir 15th century mentions that the figure crossed the "Ci Wuluyu". In the 17th century in this place is also reported to have crossings in the area "Marsilea" (now still be the name of the village / villages in the district Pasarkliwon).

The background of this establishment is the rebellion of Sunan Kuning ("tantrum Pacinan") during the reign of Sunan Pakubuwono (PB) II in 1742. Rebellion can be suppressed with the help of VOC and Kartasura recaptured, but with the sacrifice of the loss of territories in return for aid VOC of Mataram. Palace buildings have been destroyed and is considered "tainted". Sunan Pakubuwono II and ordered Tumenggung Honggowongso and Tumenggung Mangkuyudo and commander of Dutch troops Jab van Hohendorff to locate the new capital city of Mataram. To a new royal palace was built 20 km to the southeast of Kartasura, in 1745, precisely in the village of Sala at the edge of the Solo. Later the name changed to Surakarta. (Note-long record of calling the form of "Salakarta". Construction of the new palace, according to notes using teak wood from the region Kethu Alas, near the forest and wood dihanyutkan Wonogiri City through the Solo. Officially, the palace began to be occupied on February 17, 1745 ( or Wednesday in 1670 Dates Pahing Java Sura 14, wuku Landep Sancaya Windu).


Solo city located about 65 km northeast of Yogyakarta and 100 km southeast of Semarang. Location This city located in the lowlands (almost 100m above sea level) is flanked to the west of Mount Merapi and Mount Lawu to the east. Farther south lies Sewu Mountains. On the east flows the Solo and in the north flowing Kali Pepe, which is part of the Solo River Basin.

Solo is sandy soil with high mineral composition of young people as a result of volcanic activity of the two volcanoes that have been mentioned above. This composition, coupled with relatively abundant water availability, causing lowland is very good for cultivation of food crops, vegetables, and industries such as tobacco and sugarcane. However, since last 20 years of manufacturing and tourism industry booming, so many changes in the allotment of land for industrial activity and residential population.


Surakarta is known as one of the core because the traditional Javanese culture is one of the political center and the development of Javanese tradition. The prosperity of this region since the 19th century encouraged the development of Java-language literature, dance, culinary arts, fashion, architecture, and various other cultural expressions. People know when there is "competition" between Surakarta and Yogyakarta, the cultural, so that gave birth to what is known as "Surakarta style" and "style" in Yogyakarta in the field of fashion, dance movement, art tatah skin (leather puppets), processing of batik, gamelan, and so forth.


The language used in Surakarta is a dialect of Java language Mataraman (Middle Java) with a variant of Surakarta. Dialects Mataraman / mid Java is also spoken in the area of Yogyakarta, Magelang east, Semarang, Pati, Madison, a large portion of Kediri. Nevertheless, a local variant of Surakarta is known as "soft variant" because the use of words extends manners in everyday conversation, is broader than that used elsewhere. Surakarta, Java language variant used as the standard Java language national (and international, as in Suriname). Some words also have specifications, such as the pronunciation of the word "inggih" ("yes" forms of manners) full (/ iŋgɪh /), is different from some other variant pronounce "injih", such as in Yogyakarta and Magelang. In many ways, closer Surakarta variant variant-Kediri Madiun, Central Java region than the other variants.


Solo has a few local dances like Bedhaya (Ketawang, Dorodasih, Sukoharjo, etc..) And Srimpi (Gandakusuma and Sangupati). This dance is still preserved in the Palace of Solo. Dances like Bedhaya Ketawang officially only once a year danced in honor of Sri susuhunan Pakoe Boewono as a leader in Surakarta.


Batik is a fabric with specific patterns resulting from the material the night (wax) that is written on the cloth, although it now has a lot of batik fabrics made with the printing process. Solo has many typical batik patterns, such as Sidomukti and Sidoluruh. [6] Some of the business is a famous batik Batik and Batik Keris Danarhadi. Batik trade center in this city located at Pasar Klewer.

Solo Batik processing possess a distinctive brownish color (Sogan) that fills the space free of color, different from Yogya style free space a brighter color. Elections tend to be dark colors, follow the trend of batik interior.


Solo, also known as a regular tourist destination visited by tourists from big cities. In addition to views of the city and palace justificatory Kasunanan, also gives tours of nature around him, among others Tawangmangu (located in the eastern city of Solo, in the district. Karanganyar), Selo tourist area (located in the western city of Solo, in the district. Boyolali). In Solo, also there is a museum of batik in Indonesia is the most complete of the House of Danar Hadi. Usually tourists who vacation in Jogjakarta also will stop in Solo, or vice versa.

Bunaken vacation

Bunaken is an area of 8.08 km ² island in the Bay of Manado, located in the northern island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. This island is part of the city of Manado, the provincial capital of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bunaken island can be traveled by ship fast (speed boat) or a rented boat with about 30 minutes journey from the port city of Manado. Bunaken Island Around Bunaken marine park there which is part of the Bunaken National Park. This marine park has a marine biodiversity one of the highest in the world. Scuba diving attracts many visitors to the island. Overall Bunaken marine park covers an area of 75,265 hectares with five islands within it, namely the island of Manado Tua, Bunaken Island, Island Siladen, Mantehage Island follows several children island, and island Naen. Although covering an area 75,265 hectares, the location of dive (diving) is limited in each of the five beaches that surround the island.

Bunaken marine park has a 20 point dive (dive spot) with varying depth of up to 1344 meters. Of the 20 diving points, 12 points among them diving around Bunaken Island. Twelve point dive is the most frequently visited by divers and lovers of the beauty of the underwater scenery.

Most of the 12 point dive in the Bunaken Island line from the southeast to the northwest of the island. In this region there are great underwater walls, also called the hanging walls, or walls of a giant rock that stands vertically and curved upward. These rock walls are also a source of food for fish in the waters around Bunaken Island.

taken from :

Yogyakarta vacation

Yogyakarta Special Region (or Jogja, Yogya, Jogjakarta, Jogjakarta) and often abbreviated DIY is an Indonesian province located in the southern part of Java Island and bordering Central Java Province in the north. Geographically located in Yogyakarta, Central Java. The earthquake affected areas on May 27, 2006 which resulted in 1.2 million people have no home.

IN Province. Yogyakarta has a public service supervision agency called the Regional Ombudsman, established by Decree of Yogyakarta Governor of Yogyakarta. Sri Sultan HB X in 2004.

Special Region of Yogyakarta is a province under the Sultanate and the Duchy Pakualaman Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat. In addition also added former Kasunanan Surakarta region Mangkunegaran Hadiningrat and had previously been an enclave in Yogyakarta.

Government of Yogyakarta Special Region origins can be traced from the year 1945, even before that. A few weeks after the proclamation of August 17, 1945, at the insistence of the people and after seeing the conditions there, Hamengkubuwono IX issued a royal decree, known as 5 September 1945 Mandate Wikisource-logo.svg. The contents of these decrees is the integration of the monarchy into a Republic of Indonesia in Yogyakarta. Decrees with similar content was also issued by the Paku Alam VIII on the same day. Integration with the Republic of Indonesia Decree Such fact also issued by various monarchs in the archipelago, although not a few of the monarchy is waiting upholding of the Netherlands Indies government after the defeat of Japan.

At the time of Yogyakarta Sultanate rule include:

1. District of Yogyakarta with KRT Hardjodiningrat regent,
2. Sleman regency regent Pringgodiningrat KRT,
3. Bantul regency with regent KRT Joyodiningrat,
4. District Gunungkidul with regent KRT Suryodiningrat,
5. District KRT Secodiningrat Kulonprogo with regent.

While the power Praja Nails Alamans include:

1. Kabupaten Kota Paku Alaman Alamans with regent KRT Nightingale,
2. District Adikarto with regent KRT Suryaningprang.

By leveraging the momentum of the formation of the Working Committee of the National Committee of Indonesia Yogyakarta on October 29, 1945 with the chairman and deputy chairman Moch S. Ki Bagus Hadikusumo, then a day later, with the Working Committee KNI semufakat Region of Yogyakarta, Hamengkubuwono IX and Paku Alam VIII issued a royal decree together (known by October 30, 1945 that it surrender the power of the legislature on the Agency Workers KNI Region of Yogyakarta. From then also the second ruler of the kingdom in the southern part of Java decreed together and start a union of two kingdoms.

Since that time the royal decree signed by the two authorities is not only the monarchy but also by the chairman of the Working Committee as a symbol of Yogyakarta Regional KNI consent of the governed. The development of the unity of the monarchy experienced ups and downs. On May 18, 1946, the official name of the Special Region of Yogyakarta into use in the affairs of local government asserted the unity of the two kingdoms to be a special area of the State of Indonesia. Use of these names is in the edict No. 18 of the Councils of Representatives in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (see intimation of Yogyakarta No. 18 Year 1946 Wikisource-logo.svg). Monarchical unity government remained in place until the issuance of Law No. 3 Year 1950 regarding the establishment of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, which confirmed the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Paku Alaman area is an integral part of the Indonesian State.

"(1) Local area covering the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and Paku Alaman area was determined to be the Special Region of Yogyakarta. (2) Special Region of Yogyakarta is level with the Province." (Article 1 of Law No. 3 Year 1950)

Bali vacation

Bali is the name of one of the provinces in Indonesia, and also the name of the largest islands that are part of the province. In addition comprises the island of Bali, Bali province consists of the islands are smaller in the vicinity, namely the island of Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan Island, Nusa Island Ceningan, and attack the island.

Bali lies between Java and Lombok Island. Denpasar is the capital of his province, which lies on the southern island. The majority of the population of Bali is Hindu. In the world, Bali is known as a tourist destination with a unique variety of art-culture, especially for the Japanese and Australian tourists. Also known as Bali island and Pulau Seribu Pura.


Bali Island is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands along the 153 km and width of 112 km around 3.2 km from the island of Java. Astronomically, Bali is located at 8 ° 25'23 "south latitude and 115 ° 14'55" East Latitude mebuatnya tropical climate like the rest of Indonesia.

The highest point is Mount Agung in Bali as high as 3148 m. The volcano last erupted in March 1963. Mount Batur is also one of the mountain in Bali. Around 30,000 years ago, Mount Batur erupted and produced a tremendous disaster on earth. Unlike in the north, the southern part of Bali is by flowing lowland rivers.

Based on the relief and topography, in the middle of the island of Bali lies the mountains that extend from west to east and between these mountains there are clusters of the volcano Gunung Batur and Gunung Agung volcano and no mountain is Mount Merbuk, Gunung Patas, and Gunung Seraya. The existence of these mountains cause by Geographic Area Bali is divided into 2 (two) are not the same part of Northern Bali with a narrow lowland and less slope, and lowland South Bali with a wide and sloping. 40%" .Bali slope consists of flat land (0-2%) covering 122,652 hectares, undulating land (2-15%) covering 118,339 ha, steep land (15-40%) covering 190,486 ha, and land is very steep (> 40% ) covering 132,189 ha. Province of Bali has 4 (four) lakes are located in mountainous areas are: Lake Beratan, Buyan, Tamblingan and Lake Batur.

The capital of Bali is Denpasar. Other important places as the center of Ubud art is located in Gianyar regency, while Kuta, Sanur, Seminyak, Jimbaran and Nusa Dua is a place that became a tourist destination, both tourist beaches and resorts.

The total area of Bali Province is 0.29% 5636.66 km2 or area of the Republic of Indonesia. Bali Province is administratively divided into 9 districts, 55 districts and 701 villages.


Bali has no railway network but a very good road network is available, especially to the tourist destination areas. Most residents have private vehicles and choose to use it because public transportation is not available with either, except for taxis.

Types of public transport in Bali, among others

* Gig, using the horse as a vehicle towing
* Motorcycle taxi, motorcycle taxi
* Bemo, serving in and intercity
* Taxi
* Bus, serving the intercity relations, rural, and between provinces.

Bali connected with Java by ferry service linking the port with the Port Gilimanuk Ketapang in Banyuwangi, a long journey took about 30 to 45 minutes. Crossing to Lombok Island through Padang Bay to the Port of Port of Sheet, which takes about four hours.

Air transport is served by the Ngurah Rai International Airport, with destinations to major cities in Indonesia, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and Japan. Runway and aircraft coming and going can be seen clearly from the beach.

Balinese traditional music has in common with traditional music in many other areas in Indonesia, for example in the use of the orchestra and various other drum instruments. Nevertheless, there are peculiarities in the technique of playing and his composition, for example in the form kecak, which is supposedly a form of singing monkey noises. Similarly, any variety that is played gamelan is unique, for example Jegog Gamelan, Gamelan Gong Gede, Gambang Gamelan, Gamelan Selunding, and Gamelan Semar Pegulingan. Angklung music unisex Ngaben played for the ceremony, as well as Bebonangan music played in a variety of other ceremonies.

There is a modern form of traditional music of Bali, for example Gamelan Gong Kebyar which is dance music that developed during the Dutch colonial period, and Joged tube which became popular in Bali since the era of the 1950s. Typically Balinese music is a combination of various metal percussion instruments (metallophone), gongs, and wooden percussion (xylophone). Because social relations, politics and culture, traditional music of Bali or Balinese gamelan games influence or affect each other in the surrounding cultural regions, such as traditional music community in Banyuwangi and the traditional music of Lombok.

* Gamelan
* Jegog
* Genggong
* Silat Bali


Balinese dance in general can be categorized into three groups, ie, the guardian or the sacred art of dance performances, dance performances or art bebali for the ceremony and also for visitors, and Balih-balihan or the art of dance for the entertainment of visitors. [7]

Balinese dance connoisseur I Made Bandem [8] in the early 1980s never classify these Balinese dances, among others, who belong to the trustee for example Berutuk, Sang Hyang Dedari, Rejang and Row Gede, bebali among others is to dance, Mask Pajegan, and Wayang Wong, whereas Balih-balihan among others is the Legong, Parwa, Arja, Prembon and Joged, and various other modern dance choreography.

One of the dances are very popular for tourists is the Kecak Dance. Around the 1930s, Wayan Limbak cooperate with German painter Walter Spies to create this dance based on traditional Sanghyang and parts of the Ramayana story. Wayan Limbak popularizing this dance while traveling the world with his troupe of Balinese dancers.

Dancing guardian

* Sang Hyang Dedari
* Sang Hyang Jaran
* Tari Rejang
* Line Dance
* Dance Janger

Dance-balihan Balih

* Legong Dance
* Arja
* Joged tube
* Drama Gong
* Barong
* Pendet
* Kecak Dance
* Candidate Charcoal

Regional apparel

Apparel Bali region is extremely varied, although a cursory looks the same. Each area in Bali has a special characteristic and symbolic ornament, based on activity / ceremony, sex and age of its users. Social and economic status of a person can be known based on the style of clothing he was wearing jewelry and ornaments.

Traditional male clothing generally consists of:

* Udeng (headband)
* Woven seam
* Umpal (shawl fastener)
* Cain Wastra (kemben)
* Belt
* Keris
* A variety of jewelry ornaments

Often, too, worn clothes, shirts, jackets, and footwear as a complement.

Women's traditional clothing, usually consisting of:

* Bun (bun)
* Sesenteng (kemben songket)
* Woven Wastra
* Belt prada (Stagen), twisted her hips and chest
* Shawl songket shoulders down
* Woven tapih or sinjang, next in

taken from :
* A variety of jewelry ornaments

Often kebaya worn, the cloth covering the chest, and footwear as a complement.