Wednesday, April 21, 2010

Surakarta vacation

City is a city of Surakarta in Central Java, Indonesia. The city is also known as Solo, Sala, and Salakarta. The last name not be used again. In Indonesia, Surakarta is the tenth largest city (after the Yogyakarta). East side of this city who passed the river in one of the songs terabadikan keroncong, Solo. This city was once the seat of the prefect, who supervises Surakarta until the 1950s. Surakarta has the motto "BERSERI" which became the acronym of "Clean, Healthy, Neat and Beautiful." For the purposes of tourism marketing, tourism slogan Solo Solo took the Spirit of Java that is expected to build the image of the city of Solo as a center of Javanese culture.

Establishment and development

Surakarta standing in the territory of a village called Village Sala, on the banks of the Solo. Dutch scholar who examined Bujangga Manik, J. Noorduyn, suspect that this Sala village near (if not really there), one of the crossings ("mine") in the Solo which was mentioned in the copper plate "Charter Trowulan I" (1358, in English called "Ferry Charter ") as" Wulayu ". Travel Manuscript Bujangga Beads from around akir 15th century mentions that the figure crossed the "Ci Wuluyu". In the 17th century in this place is also reported to have crossings in the area "Marsilea" (now still be the name of the village / villages in the district Pasarkliwon).

The background of this establishment is the rebellion of Sunan Kuning ("tantrum Pacinan") during the reign of Sunan Pakubuwono (PB) II in 1742. Rebellion can be suppressed with the help of VOC and Kartasura recaptured, but with the sacrifice of the loss of territories in return for aid VOC of Mataram. Palace buildings have been destroyed and is considered "tainted". Sunan Pakubuwono II and ordered Tumenggung Honggowongso and Tumenggung Mangkuyudo and commander of Dutch troops Jab van Hohendorff to locate the new capital city of Mataram. To a new royal palace was built 20 km to the southeast of Kartasura, in 1745, precisely in the village of Sala at the edge of the Solo. Later the name changed to Surakarta. (Note-long record of calling the form of "Salakarta". Construction of the new palace, according to notes using teak wood from the region Kethu Alas, near the forest and wood dihanyutkan Wonogiri City through the Solo. Officially, the palace began to be occupied on February 17, 1745 ( or Wednesday in 1670 Dates Pahing Java Sura 14, wuku Landep Sancaya Windu).


Solo city located about 65 km northeast of Yogyakarta and 100 km southeast of Semarang. Location This city located in the lowlands (almost 100m above sea level) is flanked to the west of Mount Merapi and Mount Lawu to the east. Farther south lies Sewu Mountains. On the east flows the Solo and in the north flowing Kali Pepe, which is part of the Solo River Basin.

Solo is sandy soil with high mineral composition of young people as a result of volcanic activity of the two volcanoes that have been mentioned above. This composition, coupled with relatively abundant water availability, causing lowland is very good for cultivation of food crops, vegetables, and industries such as tobacco and sugarcane. However, since last 20 years of manufacturing and tourism industry booming, so many changes in the allotment of land for industrial activity and residential population.


Surakarta is known as one of the core because the traditional Javanese culture is one of the political center and the development of Javanese tradition. The prosperity of this region since the 19th century encouraged the development of Java-language literature, dance, culinary arts, fashion, architecture, and various other cultural expressions. People know when there is "competition" between Surakarta and Yogyakarta, the cultural, so that gave birth to what is known as "Surakarta style" and "style" in Yogyakarta in the field of fashion, dance movement, art tatah skin (leather puppets), processing of batik, gamelan, and so forth.


The language used in Surakarta is a dialect of Java language Mataraman (Middle Java) with a variant of Surakarta. Dialects Mataraman / mid Java is also spoken in the area of Yogyakarta, Magelang east, Semarang, Pati, Madison, a large portion of Kediri. Nevertheless, a local variant of Surakarta is known as "soft variant" because the use of words extends manners in everyday conversation, is broader than that used elsewhere. Surakarta, Java language variant used as the standard Java language national (and international, as in Suriname). Some words also have specifications, such as the pronunciation of the word "inggih" ("yes" forms of manners) full (/ iŋgɪh /), is different from some other variant pronounce "injih", such as in Yogyakarta and Magelang. In many ways, closer Surakarta variant variant-Kediri Madiun, Central Java region than the other variants.


Solo has a few local dances like Bedhaya (Ketawang, Dorodasih, Sukoharjo, etc..) And Srimpi (Gandakusuma and Sangupati). This dance is still preserved in the Palace of Solo. Dances like Bedhaya Ketawang officially only once a year danced in honor of Sri susuhunan Pakoe Boewono as a leader in Surakarta.


Batik is a fabric with specific patterns resulting from the material the night (wax) that is written on the cloth, although it now has a lot of batik fabrics made with the printing process. Solo has many typical batik patterns, such as Sidomukti and Sidoluruh. [6] Some of the business is a famous batik Batik and Batik Keris Danarhadi. Batik trade center in this city located at Pasar Klewer.

Solo Batik processing possess a distinctive brownish color (Sogan) that fills the space free of color, different from Yogya style free space a brighter color. Elections tend to be dark colors, follow the trend of batik interior.


Solo, also known as a regular tourist destination visited by tourists from big cities. In addition to views of the city and palace justificatory Kasunanan, also gives tours of nature around him, among others Tawangmangu (located in the eastern city of Solo, in the district. Karanganyar), Selo tourist area (located in the western city of Solo, in the district. Boyolali). In Solo, also there is a museum of batik in Indonesia is the most complete of the House of Danar Hadi. Usually tourists who vacation in Jogjakarta also will stop in Solo, or vice versa.


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